Teviotdale 1876 - This type of 3-masted sailing ship is more commonly known as a fully-rigged clipper-ship, much like the Cutty Sark.
The Teviotdale was built at Stobcross and launched into the River Clyde in 1869. Coincidently, the Cutty Sark was built nearby in Dumbarton, Scotland and launched on the Clyde in the very same year.
To understand more about the life of a sailor and his daily duties read on to fin out more about of trimming the sails and so on. Changing the regular canvas sails for storm canvas had to be done when bad weather approached. Every able-bodied sailor had to know the names given to the multitude of parts on a sailing ship, especially all about the canvas (sails), sheets (ropes), block-and-tackle (pulleys), chains and cleats.
The Teviotdale was a fully-rigged clipper ship having three masts, each with five cross-yards to support the stack of sails. A long bowsprit allowed a further four stay sails to be fitted forward. For extra performance triangular sails were fitted between the masts, these were know as stay-sails.
A. Main mast
B. Fore mast
C. Aft mast
E. Mizzen gaff/yard
R. Rigging, blocks and sheets
1-21. Sails, course or canvas
a-g. Flag, colours and ensign
1. Main course
2. Main lower topsail
3. Main upper-topsail
4. Main topgallant sail
5. Main royal sail
6. Main stay sail
7-11. Fore sails (names as main ....)
12. Gaff-rigged sail behind ('abaft')
12-16. Aft sails (names as main ...)
17-20. Fore head or stay sails
There also were at least 6 miles of rope throughout the ship and probably 2 miles of wire and chain to support the masts (standing rigging) and trim (adjust) the cross-yards. Her sail area was about 28,000 square feet. She would have had about 300 wooden blocks (pulleys), 600 shackles, 30 spars, 9 mast sections, 15 yards and numerous spare parts including: canvas, rope, wire and chain for up-keep and repairs during their long and arduous voyages.
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